A diamond (from the traditional Greek: adamas, which means "unbreakable", "proper", or "unalterable") is one amongst the known and most sought-after gemstones. Diamonds have been used as decorative items since ancient times; some of the earliest references can be traced back to 25,000 - 30,000 B.C.
Diamond, the foremost noted and legendary of all gemstones, is extremely distinctive in many ways. Renowned for being the toughest substance on earth, its sparkling hearth, durability, and rarity build Diamond the foremost prized of all gems. No stone contains the maximum amount attract and interest as will Diamond. Diamonds area unit such an extremely listed artefact that multiple organizations are created for grading and certifying them supported the "four Cs", that area unit colour, cut, clarity, and carat.
Other characteristics, like the presence or lack of light, additionally affect the desirability and so the worth of a diamond used for jewellery. Diamonds are used in engagement rings. The following is documented among European aristocracy as early because of the fifteenth century, although ruby and sapphire were additional fascinating gemstones.
The modern quality of diamonds was mostly created by American state Beers Consolidated Mines Ltd., that established the primary large-scale diamonds mines in an African country. Through associate effort starting within the Nineteen Thirties and continued into the mid-20th century, American state Beers created diamonds into a key a part of the betrothal method and a desirable symbol of status. The diamond's high worth has been the drive behind dictators and revolutionary entities, particularly in Africa, victimization slave and kid labour to mine blood diamonds to fund conflicts. The finest quality as per colour grading is completely colourless, that is ranked as D colour diamond across the world, that means it's fully free from any colour.
The next grade includes a slight trace of colour, which may be discovered by any professional diamond valuer/grading laboratory. However, once decorated in jewellery these flash coloured diamonds don't show any colour or it's impracticable to form out colour shades.
These are graded as E colour or F colour diamonds. Diamonds that show little traces of colour are ranked as G or H colour diamonds. Slightly coloured diamonds are ranked as I or J or K colour. A diamond will be found in any colour addition to colourless. Some of the coloured diamonds, like pink, are rare.