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Gemstone's Cutting & Shapes

                                     Gemstones Cutting & Shapes:

Colored Stone Cut refers to the shape and arrangement of the gem’s facets. All faceted gems are a variation
on one of the three main cut styles: Brilliant Cut, Step Cut, and Mixed Cut.

      - Brilliant Cut: Triangular or kite-shaped facets that radiate from the center toward the girdle.

      - Step Cut: Mainly square and rectangular facets arranged in concentric rows.

      - Mixed Cut: Combines brilliant-cut and step-cut facets in the same stone.

Square Shape may be fashioned into a Princess cut, Radiant cut, Asscher cut, and Cushion cut.

      - Princess-Cut: A square or rectangular modified brilliant-cut with four sharp corners.Origins in the early “french cut”.

      - Radiant Cut: A square and rectangular-shaped gemstone with a brilliant-cut facet pattern on the crown and pavilion
        with beveled corners. Created by Henry Grossbard in 1976.

      - Asscher Cut: 58 to 74 step-cut facets, a small table, high crown, steep pavilion, and a distinct X in the gemstone’s
        table with a wider cropped corner. Developed by the Asscher brothers in 1902 in Holland.

      - Cushion-Cut: Combines a square and rectangular-shaped gemstone with a softer, more rounded corner.

Diamond-Cut: Symmetry and polish are two important aspects of this cut. This cut doesn’t refer to shape.

Rose-Cut: The rose cut has a round cabbed flat base and a faceted top. However, this isn’t a standard cutting method.

Flat Cut: There is a two-dimensional flat plane shape.

Buff Top: the top is domed on a cabochon cut while the bottom contains facets on its pavilion below the girdle.

Cabochon: A smooth round polished gem with a dome top and a flat or curved base. Opaque or translucent
rough is often cut into cabochon.

Carving: Decorating with designs or figures cut on the surface. Single cut: The cut with table, eight crown
facets, eight pavilion facets, and a culet.

Smooth Cut: A flat, regular surface makes the same level. Concave cut: Having an outline that curves inward
like the interior of a circle.

Honeycomb Cut: A structure of hexagonal cells of wax, made by bees.

Briolette Cut: Briolette is an elongated faceted teardrop shape. It also resembles a full round pear shape or a double rose cut.

Teardrop Shape: Same as briolette shape but doesn’t have to be faceted.

Checkerboard Top: Cutting style with triangular facets so its crown on the table resembles a checkerboard. Often
used on transparent and translucent stones.
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